Lecture on The Moon 3

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The Moon Part 3
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Before I tell you the next thing, I have to tell you about
the ocean tides.
Before I tell you the next thing, I have to tell you about the ocean tides.
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Sometimes, the ocean is high.  The water is up close.
This is called high tide.
Sometimes, the ocean is high. The water is up close. This is called high tide.
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Other times, the ocean is low.  The water is farther away.
This is called low tide.
Other times, the ocean is low. The water is farther away. This is called low tide.
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Two times a day, the tide comes in.  Two times a day, the tide goes out.
Two times a day, the tide comes in. Two times a day, the tide goes out.
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The Moon is the closest celestial body to Earth.  It is closer than all the planets.
The Moon is the closest celestial body to Earth. It is closer than all the planets.
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The Moon and the Earth both have gravity.  They pull things to themselves.
The Moon and the Earth both have gravity. They pull things to themselves.
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So the Moon pulls on the oceans of the Earth!
So the Moon pulls on the oceans of the Earth!
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The Moon’s gravity pulls on our oceans.  This causes the tides!
The Moon’s gravity pulls on our oceans. This causes the tides!
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But the Sun has gravity too, and it pulls on our oceans too.
So during full moons and new moons, our tides are highest.
But the Sun has gravity too, and it pulls on our oceans too. So during full moons and new moons, our tides are highest.
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In the 1960s, human beings visited the Moon six times.
This was an American program called
the Apollo program.
In the 1960s, human beings visited the Moon six times. This was an American program called the Apollo program.
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The first mission that went all the way to the Moon was called Apollo 11.
The first mission that went all the way to the Moon was called Apollo 11.
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On Apollo 11, three men flew to the Moon,
On Apollo 11, three men flew to the Moon,
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and two men landed on it,
Neil Armstrong   and    Buzz Aldrin.
and two men landed on it, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.
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One man flew around the moon in the Command Module,
One man flew around the moon in the Command Module,
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The huge rocket that took these brave men to the moon was called the Saturn V.
The huge rocket that took these brave men to the moon was called the Saturn V.
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There was a countdown, which went like this:
There was a countdown, which went like this:
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10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, blast off!
10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, blast off!
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Then the huge rocket took off!
Then the huge rocket took off!
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But it really looked like this, when it took off.
But it really looked like this, when it took off.
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It left the Earth and went up toward the Moon!
It left the Earth and went up toward the Moon!
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As the rocket went up, rocket parts, called stages, dropped off as they used up their fuel.
As the rocket went up, rocket parts, called stages, dropped off as they used up their fuel.
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When the astronauts got to outer space, outside the atmosphere, the Earth looked like this.
When the astronauts got to outer space, outside the atmosphere, the Earth looked like this.
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Then the Apollo spacecraft went on to the Moon!
Then the Apollo spacecraft went on to the Moon!
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When the spacecraft arrived at the Moon,
When the spacecraft arrived at the Moon,
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it began to orbit, or go around, the Moon.
it began to orbit, or go around, the Moon.
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They could see the Earth from the Moon.
They could see the Earth from the Moon.
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Then the Command Module separated from the Lunar Module—which was called the Eagle.  The Command Module kept orbiting the Moon.
Then the Command Module separated from the Lunar Module—which was called the Eagle. The Command Module kept orbiting the Moon.
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The Command Module
The Command Module
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The Lunar Module, the Eagle
The Lunar Module, the Eagle
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Then the Eagle went down (descended) to the Moon!
Look at a video
Then the Eagle went down (descended) to the Moon! Look at a video
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Neil Armstrong stepped down from the Eagle, and said, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Watch a video
Neil Armstrong stepped down from the Eagle, and said, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” Watch a video
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Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin left footprints,
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin left footprints,
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they put an American flag on the Moon,
they put an American flag on the Moon,
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and they collected rocks and dust from the Moon.
and they collected rocks and dust from the Moon.
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They also used equipment to see if there were “moonquakes,” just as there are earthquakes on Earth.
They also used equipment to see if there were “moonquakes,” just as there are earthquakes on Earth.
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The astronauts took pictures of each other on the Moon.
The astronauts took pictures of each other on the Moon.
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Back on Earth, engineers helped and watched from “Mission Control” in Houston, Texas.
Back on Earth, engineers helped and watched from “Mission Control” in Houston, Texas.
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Then, the Eagle went back up (ascended) to the Command Module.
Then, the Eagle went back up (ascended) to the Command Module.
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The Command Module and the Eagle docked (joined together).
The Command Module and the Eagle docked (joined together).
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The astronauts came back to Earth
The astronauts came back to Earth
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and “splashed down” in the ocean.
and “splashed down” in the ocean.
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The End
See also
The End See also