Christmas Around the World доклад по теме Английский язык

Доклад раскрывает тему "Christmas Around the World".
Презентация поможет подготовится к предмету Английский язык, может быть полезна как ученикам и студентам, так и преподавателям.
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Christmas Around the World
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Christmas
Christmas
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Christmas
History
Traditions
Today
Christmas History Traditions Today
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Christmas
Celebrates the birth of Jesus, Savior to Christians
Gifts are exchanged partly because the Bible tells of the wise men (magi) bringing gifts to the Christ-child as they came to worship Him
Christmas Celebrates the birth of Jesus, Savior to Christians Gifts are exchanged partly because the Bible tells of the wise men (magi) bringing gifts to the Christ-child as they came to worship Him
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Christmas
Nativity scene comes from the Bible, especially in the books of Matthew and Luke
Christmas Nativity scene comes from the Bible, especially in the books of Matthew and Luke
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Christmas
Catholic Church set December 25th as the celebration date to combine with the Roman holiday of the winter solstice (when sun has no apparent North or South movement) in 336 A.D.
Christmas Catholic Church set December 25th as the celebration date to combine with the Roman holiday of the winter solstice (when sun has no apparent North or South movement) in 336 A.D.
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Turkey
Santa Claus comes from a real person in 325 A.D. – Saint Nicholas in Turkey*
Reputation for kindness and generosity
Legends of financial miracles on behalf of the poor and unhappy
* Mostly Christian nation at this time
Turkey Santa Claus comes from a real person in 325 A.D. – Saint Nicholas in Turkey* Reputation for kindness and generosity Legends of financial miracles on behalf of the poor and unhappy * Mostly Christian nation at this time
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Turkey
Santa’s red and white suit came from the traditional Bishop’s robes that Saint Nicholas would have worn
Turkey Santa’s red and white suit came from the traditional Bishop’s robes that Saint Nicholas would have worn
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Turkey
Stockings were originally hung, hoping that Saint Nicholas would bring gold coins (as legend says he did for three poor girls that needed money to get married)
Most were filled with small gifts, especially fruit and nuts
Turkey Stockings were originally hung, hoping that Saint Nicholas would bring gold coins (as legend says he did for three poor girls that needed money to get married) Most were filled with small gifts, especially fruit and nuts
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Germany
Christmas tree is a German tradition, dating to about 700 A.D.
“Yule” log was a large foundational log placed in the fireplace
Name comes from an associated celebratory cry heard about Christmastime because the nights were becoming shorter
Germany Christmas tree is a German tradition, dating to about 700 A.D. “Yule” log was a large foundational log placed in the fireplace Name comes from an associated celebratory cry heard about Christmastime because the nights were becoming shorter
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Holland
Dutch name for Nicholas was Sinterklaas, which became Santa Claus
Gifts are exchanged on Christmas day partly because of the Dutch Santa Claus legends
Holland Dutch name for Nicholas was Sinterklaas, which became Santa Claus Gifts are exchanged on Christmas day partly because of the Dutch Santa Claus legends
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Scandinavia
Legends from folktales told of a magician that punished naughty children and rewarded good children with presents
Scandinavia Legends from folktales told of a magician that punished naughty children and rewarded good children with presents
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Scandinavia
Mistletoe was used as a Christmas decoration for years, but was associated with pagan rituals
A goddess of love – probably where kissing under the mistletoe comes from
Holly replaced it, where the thorns remind of Christ’s crown on the cross and the red berries of His shed blood
Scandinavia Mistletoe was used as a Christmas decoration for years, but was associated with pagan rituals A goddess of love – probably where kissing under the mistletoe comes from Holly replaced it, where the thorns remind of Christ’s crown on the cross and the red berries of His shed blood
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Italy
Naughty children in Italy were the first to get a lump of coal in the stocking
Italy Naughty children in Italy were the first to get a lump of coal in the stocking
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England
Songs or “carols” [songs] were sung by small choirs for the pleasure of those that happened to walk by
Christmas cards started in London in 1843
England Songs or “carols” [songs] were sung by small choirs for the pleasure of those that happened to walk by Christmas cards started in London in 1843
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France
Singing “carols” [songs] accompanied by a group dance
Noel in French is translated Christmas
France Singing “carols” [songs] accompanied by a group dance Noel in French is translated Christmas
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Greece
Christmas is abbreviated Xmas because the word for Christ in Greek is Xristos
Greece Christmas is abbreviated Xmas because the word for Christ in Greek is Xristos
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Israel
Christmas eve is celebrated because the Jewish tradition is that the new day starts at sundown [therefore Christmas eve is actually the start of Christmas day]
Some Jews (by heritage) are also Christians (by faith)
Israel Christmas eve is celebrated because the Jewish tradition is that the new day starts at sundown [therefore Christmas eve is actually the start of Christmas day] Some Jews (by heritage) are also Christians (by faith)
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Mexico
Nochebuena, the Mexican name of the flower English-speakers call poinsettia, was discovered in Taxco and the valleys surrounding Cuernavaca. Known by the Aztecs in their native Nahuatl language as cuetlaxochitl, it is believed that they brought the plant from the tropical climate of Cuernavaca to their Aztec highlands for cultivation in special nurseries. Prized in the prehispanic era for the curative properties of the milk that dripped from the leaves, stems and flowers when cut, the pigment from the red leaves was also used to dye cotton fibers.
Mexico Nochebuena, the Mexican name of the flower English-speakers call poinsettia, was discovered in Taxco and the valleys surrounding Cuernavaca. Known by the Aztecs in their native Nahuatl language as cuetlaxochitl, it is believed that they brought the plant from the tropical climate of Cuernavaca to their Aztec highlands for cultivation in special nurseries. Prized in the prehispanic era for the curative properties of the milk that dripped from the leaves, stems and flowers when cut, the pigment from the red leaves was also used to dye cotton fibers.
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Epcot Center in Florida
Each country pavilion has a section dedicated to the history and traditions of Christmas (during the Christmas season)
Epcot Center in Florida Each country pavilion has a section dedicated to the history and traditions of Christmas (during the Christmas season)
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Christmas in America
Pilgrims did not celebrate Christmas
Immigrants brought their Christmas traditions, especially in the 1700s and early 1800s
Christmas as a national celebration gathered momentum during the mid-1800s
Christmas in America Pilgrims did not celebrate Christmas Immigrants brought their Christmas traditions, especially in the 1700s and early 1800s Christmas as a national celebration gathered momentum during the mid-1800s
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Christmas
U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, J.R. Poinsett, imported (what became) the poinsettia for Christmas in 1828
Christmas U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, J.R. Poinsett, imported (what became) the poinsettia for Christmas in 1828
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Christmas in America
Santa’s sleigh, reindeer, etc. came from 2 published works in 1822 and 1863-1886
1822 – “The Night Before Christmas”
1863-1886 – magazine published pictures of Santa’s workshop, Santa reading letters, Santa checking his list, etc.
Christmas in America Santa’s sleigh, reindeer, etc. came from 2 published works in 1822 and 1863-1886 1822 – “The Night Before Christmas” 1863-1886 – magazine published pictures of Santa’s workshop, Santa reading letters, Santa checking his list, etc.
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Christmas in America
Started to become popular in 1860s, and by 1874 Macy’s in New York developed Christmas theme window displays
Tree decorations became common in 1880 when Woolworth’s began to sell manufactured ornaments
Christmas in America Started to become popular in 1860s, and by 1874 Macy’s in New York developed Christmas theme window displays Tree decorations became common in 1880 when Woolworth’s began to sell manufactured ornaments
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Christmas
Outdoor White House tree tradition started in 1923 with President Coolidge
Christmas Outdoor White House tree tradition started in 1923 with President Coolidge
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Christmas in America
Two most popular secular songs at Christmas are:
Bing Crosby’s “White Christmas” (1942)
Gene Autry’s “Rudolf the Red-nosed Reindeer” (1949)
Based upon the Montgomery Wards booklet of the same named given away free in 1939 – written by a father attempting to cheer up a sad daughter grieving over a dieing mother
Christmas in America Two most popular secular songs at Christmas are: Bing Crosby’s “White Christmas” (1942) Gene Autry’s “Rudolf the Red-nosed Reindeer” (1949) Based upon the Montgomery Wards booklet of the same named given away free in 1939 – written by a father attempting to cheer up a sad daughter grieving over a dieing mother
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Christmas
There’s something to celebrate for everybody:
Great traditions incorporating aspects from many countries
Significant religious events
Christmas There’s something to celebrate for everybody: Great traditions incorporating aspects from many countries Significant religious events