General Psychology lectures 14 -15 Stress and adjustment. доклад на Общие темы

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General Psychology lectures 14-15 Stress and adjustment. Stress and adjustment Causes of stress Reactions to stress: Anxiety General adaptation syndrome Burnout
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STRESS
Anything that produces demands on us to adjust our behavior.
                   It includes
threats to our                          changes which
well-being           pressures            require
                                               us to adjust   
                                             to new situations
Psychological demands: conflict and frustration.
Physical demands: infection, disease, injury.
STRESS Anything that produces demands on us to adjust our behavior. It includes threats to our changes which well-being pressures require us to adjust to new situations Psychological demands: conflict and frustration. Physical demands: infection, disease, injury.
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Adjustment
A person is considered well-adjusted when he is able to meet the changing demands of his environment.
3 adaptive responses : 
1)maladjustment (poor personal effectiveness);
2) Adjustment (satisfactory)
3) Competence (excellent) (well-adjustment)
Adjustment A person is considered well-adjusted when he is able to meet the changing demands of his environment. 3 adaptive responses : 1)maladjustment (poor personal effectiveness); 2) Adjustment (satisfactory) 3) Competence (excellent) (well-adjustment)
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Types of stress
Sometimes it is unavoidable and motivates us to lead a full life.
Types of stress Sometimes it is unavoidable and motivates us to lead a full life.
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3 major psychological
 causes of stress.
3 major psychological causes of stress.
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Conflict chart
Conflict chart
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Reactions to stress
Reactions to stress
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General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
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GAS CHART
GAS CHART
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Burnout
A depletion of our physical and mental resources.
People who often experience burnout: -achievers, taking extra work, courses;
teachers, giving extra help to students
Responsible ones – more than can do.
Stress persists until burnout occurs.
Burnout A depletion of our physical and mental resources. People who often experience burnout: -achievers, taking extra work, courses; teachers, giving extra help to students Responsible ones – more than can do. Stress persists until burnout occurs.
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Symptoms of Burnout
Exhaustion
Detachment
Boredom
Impatience (irritability)
Sense omnipotence (only you)
Feelings unappreciated
Physiological problems
Occupations: nurses, teachers, counselors, doctors, therapists, policy, social workers  too much contact with people.
Symptoms of Burnout Exhaustion Detachment Boredom Impatience (irritability) Sense omnipotence (only you) Feelings unappreciated Physiological problems Occupations: nurses, teachers, counselors, doctors, therapists, policy, social workers  too much contact with people.
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Solutions to burnout.
Setting realistic goals, manageable but still challenging.
Know you limits – no additional responsibilities.
Don’t become involved emotionally with other people
Enjoy yourself by taking a break.
Solutions to burnout. Setting realistic goals, manageable but still challenging. Know you limits – no additional responsibilities. Don’t become involved emotionally with other people Enjoy yourself by taking a break.
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Type A and Type B behavior
Type A and Type B behavior
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SEMINAR questions.
Define stress
Describe a well-adjusted person
Name major psychological causes of stress.
Describe internal and external pressure.
Explain conflict situations (according to the diagram)
When does frustration occur?
Describe most common reactions to stress
Illustrate most common types of frustrations.
Explain how people respond to stress according GAS (general adaptation syndrome)
Describe the causes and symptoms of burnout and possible solutions.
SEMINAR questions. Define stress Describe a well-adjusted person Name major psychological causes of stress. Describe internal and external pressure. Explain conflict situations (according to the diagram) When does frustration occur? Describe most common reactions to stress Illustrate most common types of frustrations. Explain how people respond to stress according GAS (general adaptation syndrome) Describe the causes and symptoms of burnout and possible solutions.
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Home assignment:
Home assignment:
Write an essay (1-2 pages) describing defense mechanisms and managing stress techniques in general and find out you won coping stress skills and cognitive and behavioral techniques.
Literature: R. Atkinson Ch 15 ‘Stress and Coping’ pp 602 -614
Home assignment: Home assignment: Write an essay (1-2 pages) describing defense mechanisms and managing stress techniques in general and find out you won coping stress skills and cognitive and behavioral techniques. Literature: R. Atkinson Ch 15 ‘Stress and Coping’ pp 602 -614