{{Lexicology as a branch of linguistics 1. 1. доклад на Общие темы

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Lexicology as a branch of linguistics Lexicology as a branch of linguistics. Its interrelations with other sciences The word as the fundamental object of lexicology. The morphological structure of the English word.
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Approaches to the language within the framework of lexicology
The synchronic approach is concerned with the vocabulary of a language as it exists at a certain time (e.g., a course in Modern English Lexicology);
The diachronic approach deals with the changes and the development of the vocabulary in the course of time.
Approaches to the language within the framework of lexicology The synchronic approach is concerned with the vocabulary of a language as it exists at a certain time (e.g., a course in Modern English Lexicology); The diachronic approach deals with the changes and the development of the vocabulary in the course of time.
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Lexicology interrelations with other sciences
general linguistics, 
the history of the language, 
phonetics, 
stylistics, and grammar.
Lexicology interrelations with other sciences general linguistics, the history of the language, phonetics, stylistics, and grammar.
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Word nature
First, the word is a unit of speech which serves the purposes of human communication. Thus, the word can be defined as a unit of communication.
Secondly, the word can be perceived as the total of the sounds which comprise it.
Third, the word, viewed structurally, possesses several characteristics.
Word nature First, the word is a unit of speech which serves the purposes of human communication. Thus, the word can be defined as a unit of communication. Secondly, the word can be perceived as the total of the sounds which comprise it. Third, the word, viewed structurally, possesses several characteristics.
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Kinds of words
 orthographic words – words distinguished from each other by their spelling;
phonological words – distinguished from each other by their pronunciation; 
word-forms which are grammatical variants;
words as items of meaning, the headwords of dictionary entries, called lexemes.
Kinds of words orthographic words – words distinguished from each other by their spelling; phonological words – distinguished from each other by their pronunciation; word-forms which are grammatical variants; words as items of meaning, the headwords of dictionary entries, called lexemes.