Speak on the historical development of the analytical доклад на Общие темы

Доклад раскрывает тему "Speak on the historical development of the analytical".
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HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL FORMS
                                        IN ENGLISH
                                              І
       All the new forms which have been included in the ME verb paradigm are analytical forms. 
       A genuine analytical verb form must consist of several component parts: an auxiliary verb, sometimes two or three auxiliary verbs — which serve as  a grammatical marker, and a non-finite form ( the Infinitive or the Participle)  which expresses the lexical meaning of the form and serves as a grammatical marker. The analytical form should be idiomatic: its meaning is not equivalent to the sum of meanings of the component parts.
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL FORMS IN ENGLISH І All the new forms which have been included in the ME verb paradigm are analytical forms. A genuine analytical verb form must consist of several component parts: an auxiliary verb, sometimes two or three auxiliary verbs — which serve as a grammatical marker, and a non-finite form ( the Infinitive or the Participle) which expresses the lexical meaning of the form and serves as a grammatical marker. The analytical form should be idiomatic: its meaning is not equivalent to the sum of meanings of the component parts.
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THE CATEGORY OF TENSE. THE FUTURE TENSE
             OE                                                                                        
sculan/willan+Inf.                      (magan/cunnan+Inf.)                 
Volition, obligation, possibility 



OE Ʒē sculon eft wepan  
        you have to weep again

OE ic wylle wyrcian    
       I want to work
THE CATEGORY OF TENSE. THE FUTURE TENSE OE sculan/willan+Inf. (magan/cunnan+Inf.) Volition, obligation, possibility OE Ʒē sculon eft wepan you have to weep again OE ic wylle wyrcian I want to work
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ANALYTICAL FORMS OF THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
          OE                                                ME         
Present / Past Subjunctive          sholde
Sg. far  -e      -e     Homonymous with the          wolde       +  Inf 
Pl.  far  -en    -en forms of the Indicative Mood 
         But  to be                                     
Sg.  be          were
Pl.   ben        weren
ANALYTICAL FORMS OF THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD OE ME Present / Past Subjunctive sholde Sg. far -e -e Homonymous with the wolde + Inf Pl. far -en -en forms of the Indicative Mood But to be Sg. be were Pl. ben weren
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PERFECT FORMS. CATEGORY OF TIME CORRELATION
                       OE   
                           
beon/habban+P II             
OE Ic habbe þā boc Ʒe-written        
      I have this book written

beon +P II – with intransitive 
  verbs denoting motion and state 
OE He is cumen.      
      He has come. 

habban+P II -with transitive and 
intransitive verbs which don’t 
denote motion or state
PERFECT FORMS. CATEGORY OF TIME CORRELATION OE beon/habban+P II OE Ic habbe þā boc Ʒe-written I have this book written beon +P II – with intransitive verbs denoting motion and state OE He is cumen. He has come. habban+P II -with transitive and intransitive verbs which don’t denote motion or state
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CONTINUOUS FORMS. THE CATEGORY OF ASPECT 
           OE                                   ME             
beon+P I -ende   ben+on+Verbal noun-inƷ/-enƷ
 
OE wes ƷānƷende             ME he is on huntinge ’він на полюванні’ 
                  CNP                          he is ahuntinge 
         ‘був ходячим’                         he is  hunting 
Fell into disuse in Early ME       P I suf. –ind,-end were mixed up with a
                                             verbal noun suf.–inƷ,-enƷ,-unƷ 
                                         and accordingly
                                          be+P I & be+on+verbal noun 
                                            were confused in 15-16 c.
CONTINUOUS FORMS. THE CATEGORY OF ASPECT OE ME beon+P I -ende ben+on+Verbal noun-inƷ/-enƷ OE wes ƷānƷende ME he is on huntinge ’він на полюванні’ CNP he is ahuntinge ‘був ходячим’ he is hunting Fell into disuse in Early ME P I suf. –ind,-end were mixed up with a verbal noun suf.–inƷ,-enƷ,-unƷ and accordingly be+P I & be+on+verbal noun were confused in 15-16 c.
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PASSIVE FORMS. THE CATEGORY OF VOICE
             OE                                   ME          

  beon/weorðan+PII           ben+P II
                                     ME The angel is tolde the wordes.
                                                        The angel is told the words.
PASSIVE FORMS. THE CATEGORY OF VOICE OE ME beon/weorðan+PII ben+P II ME The angel is tolde the wordes. The angel is told the words.