Taxation in the United States of America By доклад на Общие темы

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Taxation in the United States of America By Liudmila Kovalchuk FC-32
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The tax system of USA
The tax system of USA
Payroll taxes
Property taxes
Income taxes
Sales taxes
Excise taxes
Estate and gift tax
Licenses and occupational taxes
The tax system of USA The tax system of USA Payroll taxes Property taxes Income taxes Sales taxes Excise taxes Estate and gift tax Licenses and occupational taxes
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THE TAX SYSTEM OF USA

        Taxes are imposed in the United States at federal, state and local levels. These include taxes on income, property, sales, imports, payroll, estates and gifts, as well as various fees.
        State rules for determining taxable income often differ from federal rules. Federal tax rates vary from 15% to 35% of taxable income. State and local tax rates vary by jurisdiction, and many are graduated. State taxes are generally treated as a deductible expense for federal tax computation. Certain alternative taxes may apply.
THE TAX SYSTEM OF USA Taxes are imposed in the United States at federal, state and local levels. These include taxes on income, property, sales, imports, payroll, estates and gifts, as well as various fees. State rules for determining taxable income often differ from federal rules. Federal tax rates vary from 15% to 35% of taxable income. State and local tax rates vary by jurisdiction, and many are graduated. State taxes are generally treated as a deductible expense for federal tax computation. Certain alternative taxes may apply.
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PAYROLL TAXES
       This taxes are imposed by the federal and all state governments. These include Social Security and Medicare taxes imposed on both employers and employees, at a combined rate of 15.3% (13.3% for 2011). Social Security tax applies only to the first $106,800 of wages in 2009 through 2011. 
        Employers also must withhold income taxes on wages. An unemployment tax and certain other levies apply.
PAYROLL TAXES This taxes are imposed by the federal and all state governments. These include Social Security and Medicare taxes imposed on both employers and employees, at a combined rate of 15.3% (13.3% for 2011). Social Security tax applies only to the first $106,800 of wages in 2009 through 2011. Employers also must withhold income taxes on wages. An unemployment tax and certain other levies apply.
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Property taxes
Property taxes are imposed by most local governments and many special purpose authorities based on the fair market value of property. School and other authorities are often separately governed, and impose separate taxes. Property tax is generally imposed only on realty, though some jurisdictions tax some forms of business property. Property tax rules and rates vary widely.
Property taxes Property taxes are imposed by most local governments and many special purpose authorities based on the fair market value of property. School and other authorities are often separately governed, and impose separate taxes. Property tax is generally imposed only on realty, though some jurisdictions tax some forms of business property. Property tax rules and rates vary widely.
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The U.S. income tax system imposes a tax based on income on individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts. Under the U.S. system, individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts are subject to income tax.    
       The U.S. income tax system imposes a tax based on income on individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts. Under the U.S. system, individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts are subject to income tax.    
       Partnerships are not taxed; rather, their partners are subject to income tax on their shares of income and deductions, and take their shares of credits. Some types of business entities may elect to be treated as corporations or as partnerships.
The U.S. income tax system imposes a tax based on income on individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts. Under the U.S. system, individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts are subject to income tax. The U.S. income tax system imposes a tax based on income on individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts. Under the U.S. system, individuals, corporations, estates, and trusts are subject to income tax. Partnerships are not taxed; rather, their partners are subject to income tax on their shares of income and deductions, and take their shares of credits. Some types of business entities may elect to be treated as corporations or as partnerships.
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Информация вложена в изображении слайда
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Sales taxes are imposed on the price at retail sale of many goods and some services by most states and some localities.
      Sales taxes are imposed on the price at retail sale of many goods and some services by most states and some localities.
      Sales tax rates vary widely among jurisdictions, from 0% to 16%, and may vary within a jurisdiction based on the particular goods or services taxed. 
      Sales tax is collected by the seller at the time of sale, or remitted as use tax by buyers of taxable items who did not pay sales tax.
Sales taxes are imposed on the price at retail sale of many goods and some services by most states and some localities. Sales taxes are imposed on the price at retail sale of many goods and some services by most states and some localities. Sales tax rates vary widely among jurisdictions, from 0% to 16%, and may vary within a jurisdiction based on the particular goods or services taxed. Sales tax is collected by the seller at the time of sale, or remitted as use tax by buyers of taxable items who did not pay sales tax.
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Excise taxes may be imposed on the sales price of goods or on a per unit or other basis. Excise tax may be required to be paid by the manufacturer at wholesale sale, or may be collected from the customer at retail sale. 
        Excise taxes may be imposed on the sales price of goods or on a per unit or other basis. Excise tax may be required to be paid by the manufacturer at wholesale sale, or may be collected from the customer at retail sale. 
        Excise taxes are imposed at the Federal and state levels on a variety of goods, including alcohol, tobacco, tires, gasoline, diesel fuel, coal, firearms, telephone service, air transportation, unregistered bonds, and many other goods and services. Some jurisdictions require that tax stamps be affixed to goods to demonstrate payment of the tax.
Excise taxes may be imposed on the sales price of goods or on a per unit or other basis. Excise tax may be required to be paid by the manufacturer at wholesale sale, or may be collected from the customer at retail sale. Excise taxes may be imposed on the sales price of goods or on a per unit or other basis. Excise tax may be required to be paid by the manufacturer at wholesale sale, or may be collected from the customer at retail sale. Excise taxes are imposed at the Federal and state levels on a variety of goods, including alcohol, tobacco, tires, gasoline, diesel fuel, coal, firearms, telephone service, air transportation, unregistered bonds, and many other goods and services. Some jurisdictions require that tax stamps be affixed to goods to demonstrate payment of the tax.
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Estate and gift taxes

        Estate and gift taxes in the United States are imposed by the Federal and most state governments. 
       The estate tax is an excise tax levied on the right to pass property at death. It is imposed on the estate, not the beneficiary.
Estate and gift taxes Estate and gift taxes in the United States are imposed by the Federal and most state governments.  The estate tax is an excise tax levied on the right to pass property at death. It is imposed on the estate, not the beneficiary.
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Licenses and 
occupational taxes

         Many jurisdictions within the United States impose taxes or fees on the privilege of carrying on a particular business or maintaining a particular professional certification. These licensing or occupational taxes may be a fixed dollar amount per year for the licensee, an amount based on the number of practitioners in the firm, a percentage of revenue, or any of several other bases. 
       Persons providing professional or personal services are often subject to such fees. Common examples include accountants, attorneys, barbers, casinos, dentists, doctors, auto mechanics, plumbers, and stock brokers.
Licenses and occupational taxes Many jurisdictions within the United States impose taxes or fees on the privilege of carrying on a particular business or maintaining a particular professional certification. These licensing or occupational taxes may be a fixed dollar amount per year for the licensee, an amount based on the number of practitioners in the firm, a percentage of revenue, or any of several other bases. Persons providing professional or personal services are often subject to such fees. Common examples include accountants, attorneys, barbers, casinos, dentists, doctors, auto mechanics, plumbers, and stock brokers.
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Thank you for attention
Thank you for attention