The birth of the «Seventh art.» доклад по теме Философия

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THE BIRTH OF THE «SEVENTH ART.» The project was made by the pupil Of the 11-th grade Malko Alina. Teacher- Karuna Olga Yuryevna. Garovka 2.
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Many people contributed to the invention of the cinema — the brothers Louis Jean and Auguste Lumiere in France; Thomas Alva Edison in the United States; William Friese-Creene and Robert W. Paul in Great Britain. As a result, several different types of motion-picture cameras and projectors appeared in the mid-1890s.The French Lumiere brothers were the first to show a film in public. It happened on December 28, 1895 in the basement of a Paris cafe. During 1896 the Lumieres made more than 40 films! They showed everyday French life: the arrival of a train, a game of cards, the activity of a street life... The Lumieres also made the first newsreel, a film of the French Photographic Society Conference, and the first comedy shot.
Many people contributed to the invention of the cinema — the brothers Louis Jean and Auguste Lumiere in France; Thomas Alva Edison in the United States; William Friese-Creene and Robert W. Paul in Great Britain. As a result, several different types of motion-picture cameras and projectors appeared in the mid-1890s.The French Lumiere brothers were the first to show a film in public. It happened on December 28, 1895 in the basement of a Paris cafe. During 1896 the Lumieres made more than 40 films! They showed everyday French life: the arrival of a train, a game of cards, the activity of a street life... The Lumieres also made the first newsreel, a film of the French Photographic Society Conference, and the first comedy shot.
Many people contributed to the invention of the cinema — the brothers Louis Jean and Auguste Lumiere in France; Thomas Alva Edison in the United States; William Friese-Creene and Robert W. Paul in Great Britain. As a result, several different types of motion-picture cameras and projectors appeared in the mid-1890s.The French Lumiere brothers were the first to show a film in public. It happened on December 28, 1895 in the basement of a Paris cafe. During 1896 the Lumieres made more than 40 films! They showed everyday French life: the arrival of a train, a game of cards, the activity of a street life... The Lumieres also made the first newsreel, a film of the French Photographic Society Conference, and the first comedy shot. Many people contributed to the invention of the cinema — the brothers Louis Jean and Auguste Lumiere in France; Thomas Alva Edison in the United States; William Friese-Creene and Robert W. Paul in Great Britain. As a result, several different types of motion-picture cameras and projectors appeared in the mid-1890s.The French Lumiere brothers were the first to show a film in public. It happened on December 28, 1895 in the basement of a Paris cafe. During 1896 the Lumieres made more than 40 films! They showed everyday French life: the arrival of a train, a game of cards, the activity of a street life... The Lumieres also made the first newsreel, a film of the French Photographic Society Conference, and the first comedy shot.
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One of the earliest motion-picture machines was Kinetoscope invented by Thomas A. Edison and W. Dickson. It was a cabinet showing unenlarged black-and-white films running about 90 seconds. An individual watched through a peep­hole as the film moved on spools. Kinetoscope parlours opened in several cities. However, they were soon replaced by projection machines that threw greatly enlarged pictures on a screen. These new machines allowed many people to watch one film at the same time.
       One of the earliest motion-picture machines was Kinetoscope invented by Thomas A. Edison and W. Dickson. It was a cabinet showing unenlarged black-and-white films running about 90 seconds. An individual watched through a peep­hole as the film moved on spools. Kinetoscope parlours opened in several cities. However, they were soon replaced by projection machines that threw greatly enlarged pictures on a screen. These new machines allowed many people to watch one film at the same time.
One of the earliest motion-picture machines was Kinetoscope invented by Thomas A. Edison and W. Dickson. It was a cabinet showing unenlarged black-and-white films running about 90 seconds. An individual watched through a peep­hole as the film moved on spools. Kinetoscope parlours opened in several cities. However, they were soon replaced by projection machines that threw greatly enlarged pictures on a screen. These new machines allowed many people to watch one film at the same time. One of the earliest motion-picture machines was Kinetoscope invented by Thomas A. Edison and W. Dickson. It was a cabinet showing unenlarged black-and-white films running about 90 seconds. An individual watched through a peep­hole as the film moved on spools. Kinetoscope parlours opened in several cities. However, they were soon replaced by projection machines that threw greatly enlarged pictures on a screen. These new machines allowed many people to watch one film at the same time.
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Pioneers of the Russian cinema are Protazanov, Gardin, Bauer, and later Eisenstein, Pudovkin, Dovzhenko. The first films in the West were mainly melodramas or comedies. In Russia, they were very often historical films or screen versions of the best novels.
       Pioneers of the Russian cinema are Protazanov, Gardin, Bauer, and later Eisenstein, Pudovkin, Dovzhenko. The first films in the West were mainly melodramas or comedies. In Russia, they were very often historical films or screen versions of the best novels.
Pioneers of the Russian cinema are Protazanov, Gardin, Bauer, and later Eisenstein, Pudovkin, Dovzhenko. The first films in the West were mainly melodramas or comedies. In Russia, they were very often historical films or screen versions of the best novels. Pioneers of the Russian cinema are Protazanov, Gardin, Bauer, and later Eisenstein, Pudovkin, Dovzhenko. The first films in the West were mainly melodramas or comedies. In Russia, they were very often historical films or screen versions of the best novels.
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The  Western was the only type of early film which was unique to the cinema. People knew comedies, romances, police stories and melodramas from the theatre. But the Western was new, and especially popular with children.
The Western was the only type of early film which was unique to the cinema. People knew comedies, romances, police stories and melodramas from the theatre. But the Western was new, and especially popular with children.
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SPECIAL EFFECTS
Film-makers soon learned how to use special effects. The first known special effect was created in 1895 by Alfred Clark in The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots. It was a simple trick: the camera was stopped and the actress replaced with a doll. 
In Europe, special effects were developed by a French film-maker Georges Melies. A professional magician by trade, Melies made a lot of interesting experiments.
Between 1896 and 1913 he produced, directed and acted in more than 500 films! Many modern special effects can be traced to the work of this talented man. Unfortunately, most of these films are lost.
SPECIAL EFFECTS Film-makers soon learned how to use special effects. The first known special effect was created in 1895 by Alfred Clark in The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots. It was a simple trick: the camera was stopped and the actress replaced with a doll. In Europe, special effects were developed by a French film-maker Georges Melies. A professional magician by trade, Melies made a lot of interesting experiments. Between 1896 and 1913 he produced, directed and acted in more than 500 films! Many modern special effects can be traced to the work of this talented man. Unfortunately, most of these films are lost.
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With special effects films become more exciting, and sometimes more frightening.
  With special effects films become more exciting, and sometimes more frightening.
With special effects films become more exciting, and sometimes more frightening. With special effects films become more exciting, and sometimes more frightening.
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When directors make their films, they can use many special effects. For example, in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit cartoon characters play with live actors.
   When directors make their films, they can use many special effects. For example, in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit cartoon characters play with live actors.
When directors make their films, they can use many special effects. For example, in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit cartoon characters play with live actors. When directors make their films, they can use many special effects. For example, in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit cartoon characters play with live actors.
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The world capital of filmed entertainment Los Angeles has been a lot of things over the past 100 years. First, it was a little city with orange forest and great weather. But, one day in 1908 a group 
   of people from Chicago came to Los Angeles to shoot a film. Since that day a lot of directors, producers, actors and thousands of other workers have been coming to Los Angeles.   In   1911   the  first  studio appeared  in  Hollywood  (a  part of Los Angeles).
The world capital of filmed entertainment Los Angeles has been a lot of things over the past 100 years. First, it was a little city with orange forest and great weather. But, one day in 1908 a group of people from Chicago came to Los Angeles to shoot a film. Since that day a lot of directors, producers, actors and thousands of other workers have been coming to Los Angeles. In 1911 the first studio appeared in Hollywood (a part of Los Angeles).
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By the 1920s, 80 percent of world films were produced in Hollywood.
    Making films is expensive. On the average, it costs 36 million dollars to produce a film. Some of this goes to pay the actors, and large sums can be spent on special effects. Marketing the film to the public may cost another 17 million dollars...
By the 1920s, 80 percent of world films were produced in Hollywood. Making films is expensive. On the average, it costs 36 million dollars to produce a film. Some of this goes to pay the actors, and large sums can be spent on special effects. Marketing the film to the public may cost another 17 million dollars...
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HOLLYWOOD.
HOLLYWOOD.
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As the industry developed, it created a new phenomenon: the international star. World travel was still slow and difficult in those days, but millions of   
   people in different countries could see the same actors and actresses at the cinema. Their faces, and later their voices, were familiar to people in the countries they never visited.
As the industry developed, it created a new phenomenon: the international star. World travel was still slow and difficult in those days, but millions of people in different countries could see the same actors and actresses at the cinema. Their faces, and later their voices, were familiar to people in the countries they never visited.
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The 1930s was the golden era of the Hollywood studio film. It was the decade of the great movie stars — Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Jean Harlow, Mae West, Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Cary Grant, Gary Cooper, Clark Gable — and of a new generation of great directors. It was also the time when two new kinds of films — the musical and the gangster film — first appeared on the screen.
The 1930s was the golden era of the Hollywood studio film. It was the decade of the great movie stars — Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Jean Harlow, Mae West, Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Cary Grant, Gary Cooper, Clark Gable — and of a new generation of great directors. It was also the time when two new kinds of films — the musical and the gangster film — first appeared on the screen.
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Marilyn Monroe was a perfect example of a Hollywood studio star. Her great beauty made her a world-famous sex symbol. But in spite of her success in films, Monroe had a tragic life. She died at the age of 36 from an overdose of sleeping pills. Since her death she has become one of the most written-about film stars in history.
Marilyn Monroe was a perfect example of a Hollywood studio star. Her great beauty made her a world-famous sex symbol. But in spite of her success in films, Monroe had a tragic life. She died at the age of 36 from an overdose of sleeping pills. Since her death she has become one of the most written-about film stars in history.
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The Hollywood gave for the world such talented people as Steven Spielberg, Alfred Hitchcock, Woody Allen, Walt Disney, and many others. 
      The Hollywood gave for the world such talented people as Steven Spielberg, Alfred Hitchcock, Woody Allen, Walt Disney, and many others.
The Hollywood gave for the world such talented people as Steven Spielberg, Alfred Hitchcock, Woody Allen, Walt Disney, and many others. The Hollywood gave for the world such talented people as Steven Spielberg, Alfred Hitchcock, Woody Allen, Walt Disney, and many others.
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Today, Hollywood is not what it was. Many studios have moved to other places. The film stars have also moved to areas like Beverly Hills and Malibu. But visitors to Hollywood today can go to the famous Chinese Theatre and see the footprints and autographs of famous film stars. They can go down the Walk of Fame and see the golden stars on the pavement...
Today, Hollywood is not what it was. Many studios have moved to other places. The film stars have also moved to areas like Beverly Hills and Malibu. But visitors to Hollywood today can go to the famous Chinese Theatre and see the footprints and autographs of famous film stars. They can go down the Walk of Fame and see the golden stars on the pavement...
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ART OR RELIGION?
   The popularity of the cinema led to the first attacks against it. Church leaders condemned the new form. They thought that the cinema would steal souls and lead people away from religion. Indeed, early cinemas looked like temples, and people worshipped their favourite film stars.
ART OR RELIGION? The popularity of the cinema led to the first attacks against it. Church leaders condemned the new form. They thought that the cinema would steal souls and lead people away from religion. Indeed, early cinemas looked like temples, and people worshipped their favourite film stars.
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ACTORS
             Match the picture and the actor.
    Charlie Chaplin • Robert De Niro • Jean Paul Belmondo • Marlon Brando Kevin Kostner • Michelle Pfeiffer • Marlene Dietrich • Richard Gere
ACTORS Match the picture and the actor. Charlie Chaplin • Robert De Niro • Jean Paul Belmondo • Marlon Brando Kevin Kostner • Michelle Pfeiffer • Marlene Dietrich • Richard Gere
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FILM DIRECTORS
Match the first names with the surnames of famous directors.
Woody                      а.    Spielberg
Orson                        b.    Bergman
Alfred                        с.     Allen
Ingmar                      d.     Bertollucci 
Bernardo                   e.     Tarkovsky
Steven                       f.      Welles
Federico                    g.     Polanski
Roman                      h.     Hitchcock 
Andrei                       i.      Fellini
FILM DIRECTORS Match the first names with the surnames of famous directors. Woody а. Spielberg Orson b. Bergman Alfred с. Allen Ingmar d. Bertollucci Bernardo e. Tarkovsky Steven f. Welles Federico g. Polanski Roman h. Hitchcock Andrei i. Fellini
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a. western                          1. A film with lots of music and dance.
b. science fiction                              2. A film in which unnatural and     frightening things happen, such as dead    
people coming to life, people turning into 
animals, etc.
c. Thriller                           3. An action-packed film about cowboys,   horses and gunfights.
d. Comedy                           4. A film about space travel or life in an        imaginary future.
e. horror                            5. A film made by photographing a set of                     drawings.
f. cartoon                    6. A suspense film full of violence and crime.
 g. musical                    7. An amusing film with a happy ending.
a. western 1. A film with lots of music and dance. b. science fiction 2. A film in which unnatural and frightening things happen, such as dead people coming to life, people turning into animals, etc. c. Thriller 3. An action-packed film about cowboys, horses and gunfights. d. Comedy 4. A film about space travel or life in an imaginary future. e. horror 5. A film made by photographing a set of drawings. f. cartoon 6. A suspense film full of violence and crime. g. musical 7. An amusing film with a happy ending.
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FILMS
Match the picture with the film.
   The Silence of the Lambs • Pretty Woman • Star Wars • Titanic • Snow White Ghostbusters • The Piano • Some Like it Hot • Interview With the Vampire
FILMS Match the picture with the film. The Silence of the Lambs • Pretty Woman • Star Wars • Titanic • Snow White Ghostbusters • The Piano • Some Like it Hot • Interview With the Vampire
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MOVIE TALK 
1.	You tell the actors what
to do: you are the
a.	director
b.	producer
c.	cameraman
2.	Your uncle is financing
the film. What is he
called?
a.	the director
b.	the producer
c.	the bank manager
MOVIE TALK 1. You tell the actors what to do: you are the a. director b. producer c. cameraman 2. Your uncle is financing the film. What is he called? a. the director b. the producer c. the bank manager
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