The Benefits of Exercise доклад по теме Английский язык

Доклад раскрывает тему "The Benefits of Exercise".
Презентация поможет подготовится к предмету Английский язык, может быть полезна как ученикам и студентам, так и преподавателям.
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Страница №1
The Benefits of Exercise
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Nervous System
(consists of the brain and all nerves throughout the body)
Tunes it for more skillful body movement
Improves your reaction time
Improves mental performance
Nervous System (consists of the brain and all nerves throughout the body) Tunes it for more skillful body movement Improves your reaction time Improves mental performance
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II.  Respiratory System
(lungs)
lung capacity increases
works more efficiently
II. Respiratory System (lungs) lung capacity increases works more efficiently
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III.  Cardiovascular System
(heart)
Heart increases in strength.  Importance?
Heart able to pump more blood more efficiently – reducing workload on the heart
III. Cardiovascular System (heart) Heart increases in strength. Importance? Heart able to pump more blood more efficiently – reducing workload on the heart
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IV.  Mental Health
Contributes to positive self esteem
Helps deal with stress
Able to relax
Leads to more productive work
Decreases fatigue
IV. Mental Health Contributes to positive self esteem Helps deal with stress Able to relax Leads to more productive work Decreases fatigue
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V.  Social Health
Helps one meet new people
Helps one find new area of enjoyment with friends
V. Social Health Helps one meet new people Helps one find new area of enjoyment with friends
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Types of Exercise


I.  Anaerobic Exercise
Oxygen is not used for energy;  intense physical activity in which the body’s supple of oxygen to produce energy does not meet demand.
Types of Exercise I. Anaerobic Exercise Oxygen is not used for energy; intense physical activity in which the body’s supple of oxygen to produce energy does not meet demand.
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Types of Anaerobic Exercise
+ muscular strength
+ muscular endurance
+ flexibility
Types of Anaerobic Exercise + muscular strength + muscular endurance + flexibility
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Types of Anaerobic Exercise
Strength Training
		+ muscle size
		+ tendon, bone, and ligament strength
		+ your lean muscle mass throughout.
		*+ Basal Metabolic Rate (minimum amount 					of energy needed to maintain 					normal body functions)
*Increase muscle mass = Increase basal metabolic rate=
				increase in loss of fat ! ! !
Types of Anaerobic Exercise Strength Training + muscle size + tendon, bone, and ligament strength + your lean muscle mass throughout. *+ Basal Metabolic Rate (minimum amount of energy needed to maintain normal body functions) *Increase muscle mass = Increase basal metabolic rate= increase in loss of fat ! ! !
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Types of Anaerobic Exercise
Isometric – little or no movement; muscle tension; pushing against wall.
Isotonic – repeated movements using weights; push-ups, weights
Isokinetic – resistance is moved through entire range of motion; hydraulic
Types of Anaerobic Exercise Isometric – little or no movement; muscle tension; pushing against wall. Isotonic – repeated movements using weights; push-ups, weights Isokinetic – resistance is moved through entire range of motion; hydraulic
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Types of Exercise
Aerobic Exercise
Continuous activity that 
uses oxygen
Types of Exercise Aerobic Exercise Continuous activity that uses oxygen
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Types of Aerobic Exercise
+ blood supply to muscles and ability to use oxygen
+ cardiovascular/ cardio respiratory function (heart and lungs)
+ threshold for lactic acid accumulation (soreness)
- resting blood pressure for people with high blood pressure 
- body fat and improved weight control
Types of Aerobic Exercise + blood supply to muscles and ability to use oxygen + cardiovascular/ cardio respiratory function (heart and lungs) + threshold for lactic acid accumulation (soreness) - resting blood pressure for people with high blood pressure - body fat and improved weight control
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Types of Aerobic Exercises
Jogging
Brisk Walking
15 – 20 minutes of continuous activity
Types of Aerobic Exercises Jogging Brisk Walking 15 – 20 minutes of continuous activity
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F – I - T
F requency (how often)
I ntensity (how hard)
T ime (how long)
F – I - T F requency (how often) I ntensity (how hard) T ime (how long)
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F – I – T   for Aerobic Activity
F – 3-5 times each week
I – keep heart rate between 60-80% MHR
T – exercise continuously for minimum 
		of 20 minutes.
F – I – T for Aerobic Activity F – 3-5 times each week I – keep heart rate between 60-80% MHR T – exercise continuously for minimum of 20 minutes.
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F – I – T  for Anaerobic Activity
F – 3 to 4 times each week
I – keep speed near 100% for 
		10 seconds to 2 minutes
T – repeat your intervals 15-30 times 
		with rest between
F – I – T for Anaerobic Activity F – 3 to 4 times each week I – keep speed near 100% for 10 seconds to 2 minutes T – repeat your intervals 15-30 times with rest between
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3 Parts to a Workout
Warm-Up:  3 – 5 min. then 
				stretch 10 minutes
Work-Out:  20 – 30 min., 
				3 – 5 times per wk.
Cool-Down:  gradually; “pooling”
3 Parts to a Workout Warm-Up: 3 – 5 min. then stretch 10 minutes Work-Out: 20 – 30 min., 3 – 5 times per wk. Cool-Down: gradually; “pooling”
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R – I – C - E
Rest
			Ice
				Compression
						Elevation
R – I – C - E Rest Ice Compression Elevation
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R – I – C - E
REST:  do not use/ put weight on injured area
ICE:  20 – 30 min. every 2 – 3 hrs for 
		first 24 – 48 hrs.
4 stages of cold: cold, burning, aching, numbness
COMPRESSION: use “ace” bandage; start below & wrap upward.
ELEVATION:  while icing or compression – raise higher than heart to decrease swelling and pain.
R – I – C - E REST: do not use/ put weight on injured area ICE: 20 – 30 min. every 2 – 3 hrs for first 24 – 48 hrs. 4 stages of cold: cold, burning, aching, numbness COMPRESSION: use “ace” bandage; start below & wrap upward. ELEVATION: while icing or compression – raise higher than heart to decrease swelling and pain.