HSC доклад по теме Технологии

Вашему вниманию предлагается доклад и презентация по теме HSC. Данны материал, представленный на 33 страницах, поможет подготовится к уроку Технологии. Он будет полезен как ученикам и студентам, так и преподавателям школ и вузов. Вы можете ознакомиться и скачать этот и любой другой доклад у нас на сайте. Все материалы абсолютно бесплатны и доступны. Ссылку на скачивание Вы можете найти вконце страницы. Если материал Вам понравились – поделитесь им с друзьями с помощью социальных кнопок и добавьте сайт в закладки в своем браузере.
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Stem Cell Research: Impact on the Healthcare System and Policies Project by Peter Fluit Silvia Masiero Andrea Tonus Cod. 5105 Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology CLEMIT, class 16 Academic Year 2007/2008
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Outline
1. Stem Cell Research:
What It Is and What Is It Used For
2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells:
Differences in Nature and Potential
3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies:
Impact on the National Systems
Outline 1. Stem Cell Research: What It Is and What Is It Used For 2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells: Differences in Nature and Potential 3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies: Impact on the National Systems
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1. Stem Cell Research:
What It Is and What Is It Used For
2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells:
Differences in Nature and Potential
3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies:
Impact on the National Systems
1. Stem Cell Research: What It Is and What Is It Used For 2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells: Differences in Nature and Potential 3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies: Impact on the National Systems
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Stem Cells: a History Snapshot
Stem Cells: a History Snapshot
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Stem Cells: a history snapshot
Stem Cells: a history snapshot
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What Is a Stem Cell?
What Is a Stem Cell?
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What Do These Properties Entail?
What Do These Properties Entail?
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Trajectory 1 – Stem Cell Research
Trajectory 1 – Stem Cell Research
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Trajectory 1 – Example 1:
Cancer Biology
Trajectory 1 – Example 1: Cancer Biology
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Trajectory 1 – Example 2:
Overcoming in vitro-modelling
Trajectory 1 – Example 2: Overcoming in vitro-modelling
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Trajectory 2 - Stem Cell Therapies
Trajectory 2 - Stem Cell Therapies
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Trajectory 2 – Example 1:
Type 1 Diabetes
Trajectory 2 – Example 1: Type 1 Diabetes
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Trajectory 2 – Example 2:
Parkinson and Neurodegenerative Diseases
Trajectory 2 – Example 2: Parkinson and Neurodegenerative Diseases
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Two Important Caveats
Two Important Caveats
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1. Stem Cell Research:
What It Is and What Is It Used For
2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells:
Differences in Nature and Potential
3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies:
Impact on the National Systems
1. Stem Cell Research: What It Is and What Is It Used For 2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells: Differences in Nature and Potential 3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies: Impact on the National Systems
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A Basilar Dichotomy
A Basilar Dichotomy
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Sources of Embryonic Stem Cells
Sources of Embryonic Stem Cells
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Sources of Adult Stem Cells
Sources of Adult Stem Cells
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Pluripotency
Pluripotency
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Consequences of Pluripotency
Consequences of Pluripotency
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Impact of Embryonic Stem Cells
 over the Pharmaceutical Industry
Impact of Embryonic Stem Cells over the Pharmaceutical Industry
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More Implications of the
Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cell Dichotomy
More Implications of the Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cell Dichotomy
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The Story So Far…
The Story So Far…
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1. Stem Cell Research:
What It Is and What Is It Used For
2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells:
Differences in Nature and Potential
3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies:
Impact on the National Systems
1. Stem Cell Research: What It Is and What Is It Used For 2. Embryonic vs. Adult Stem Cells: Differences in Nature and Potential 3. The Stem Cell Controversy and Related Policies: Impact on the National Systems
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The Controversy
The Controversy
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Parts in the Play: a Snapshot
Parts in the Play: a Snapshot
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Related Policies: USA
On August 9th, 2001, US President George W. Bush has signed an executive 
order which has restricted federally-funded human embryonic stem cell research 
to the cell lines that meet the following criteria:
  The derivation process (i.e. destruction of the blastocyst) was initiated prior to 
August 9th, 2001
 The stem cells were derived from an embryo that was created for reproductive 
purposes and, therefore, it was no longer needed
 Informed consent must have been obtained for the donation of the embryo.
What does this mean?
 It is not illegal to:
 work on new embryonic stem cell lines with funds that are not federal
 work on the already existent stem cell lines with federal funds (only 64).
 It is illegal to:
 use federal funds for stem cell research on new cell lines
 act on embryos which were created for non-reproductive purposes (and 
that therefore could continue their development)
 act on embryos without the informed consent of the couple to which the 
embryo was originally destined for reproductive purposes.
Related Policies: USA On August 9th, 2001, US President George W. Bush has signed an executive order which has restricted federally-funded human embryonic stem cell research to the cell lines that meet the following criteria: The derivation process (i.e. destruction of the blastocyst) was initiated prior to August 9th, 2001 The stem cells were derived from an embryo that was created for reproductive purposes and, therefore, it was no longer needed Informed consent must have been obtained for the donation of the embryo. What does this mean? It is not illegal to: work on new embryonic stem cell lines with funds that are not federal work on the already existent stem cell lines with federal funds (only 64). It is illegal to: use federal funds for stem cell research on new cell lines act on embryos which were created for non-reproductive purposes (and that therefore could continue their development) act on embryos without the informed consent of the couple to which the embryo was originally destined for reproductive purposes.
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Effects of USA Policy – National Level
What has been put in place in the USA is an indirect constraint to human embryonic stem cell research. This means that this branch of research is not entirely forbidden, but it is restricted in that federal funds cannot be used in order to finance research on new cell lines. However, the 64 cell lines that are eligible for federally-funded research can be investigated and requested through the National Stem Cell Bank, which was instituted in order for researchers to access stem cells that were derived prior to August 2001 using excess in-vitro-fertilized embryos.
This executive order has shaped the stem cell research field in several respects. Looking at it from the perspective of private companies, those who obtained the highest benefits from it can be identified with the private companies that already owned approved cell lines, and that are linked to federally-funded researchers by cooperative agreements and contracts. Companies that do not own any approved cell lines will not be able to count on federal funding, if they aim to create new ones.
Effects of USA Policy – National Level What has been put in place in the USA is an indirect constraint to human embryonic stem cell research. This means that this branch of research is not entirely forbidden, but it is restricted in that federal funds cannot be used in order to finance research on new cell lines. However, the 64 cell lines that are eligible for federally-funded research can be investigated and requested through the National Stem Cell Bank, which was instituted in order for researchers to access stem cells that were derived prior to August 2001 using excess in-vitro-fertilized embryos. This executive order has shaped the stem cell research field in several respects. Looking at it from the perspective of private companies, those who obtained the highest benefits from it can be identified with the private companies that already owned approved cell lines, and that are linked to federally-funded researchers by cooperative agreements and contracts. Companies that do not own any approved cell lines will not be able to count on federal funding, if they aim to create new ones.
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Effects of USA Policy – International Level
Effects of USA Policy – International Level
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What About Italy?
What About Italy?
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A Global Perspective
A Global Perspective
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Wrapping up…
Wrapping up…
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…what is going to happen next?
…what is going to happen next?
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