The American Political System презентация по теме Английский язык

  • The American Political System
  • Background
The Declaration of Independence 1776
The War of Independence 1776-1783
The American Constitution 1789
Federal government and state govmts.
Division of power
Checks and balances
  • State and Federal System
Historically state and local government came first.
The states have their own legislative, executive and judicial institutions
State and local government control important  areas like: 
Highways
State income tax
Public schools and universities
Police and fire departments
Regulate business and supervise commercial affairs
The Federal system of government controls: 
Foreign policy, defense and monetary policy
Areas that cannot be regulated locally and statewise: interstate commerce, interstate crime, interstate environmental problems etc.
  • The Legislative Branch: Congress Passes legislation and appropriates money
The House of Representatives
435 members –according to the size of the state   
2-year term
  • The Executive Branch: The Presidency
4-year term - max two 4-year terms
Protects the Constitution
Proposes legislation
Enforces the laws made by Congress
Commander in Chief of the armed forces
Appoints judges to Supreme Court (with the consent of the Senate)
  • The Executive Branch: The Cabinet
No mention of it in the Constitution
Subordinate to the President
Cabinet members  recruited broadly, not necessarily party insiders
  • The Supreme Court
9 members
Life term appointment
Interprets and guards the Constitution
Interprets the law
Decisions of the Supreme Court are final
In general it plays a conservative role, maintaining legal tradition
  • Checks and Balances
  • Elections and Political Parties
Winner-take-all-election system
The Electoral College
Two party system- both appealing to the middle of the political spectrum
Balancing the ticket (President and Vice president)
Voting patterns: splitting the ticket
Voting for individuals rather than party slate
  • The Electoral College
Representatives of the people in presidential elections
534 electors, corresponding to the numbers of Representatives and Senators
270 electoral votes guarantee the Presidency
Each state votes as a single block (minus Nebraska and Maine) winner takes all
Importance of Swing States and the big states
  • Democrats and Republicans
And Their Voters
Democrats supported by majority of black voters (Clinton 83%) 
Urban ethnics
Blue collar workers
Catholics
More women voters
Northeast, upper midwest, northwest, Hawaii
  • Democrats and Republicans and Their Policies
Democrats
Support welfare programs
Keynesian economics and job creating programs
Social security, Medicare and Medicaid
Civil Rights legislation
Women’s right to abortion
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The American Political System

Background The Declaration of Independence 1776 The War of Independence 1776-1783 The American Constitution 1789 Federal government and state govmts. Division of power Checks and balances

State and Federal System Historically state and local government came first. The states have their own legislative, executive and judicial institutions State and local government control important areas like: Highways State income tax Public schools and universities Police and fire departments Regulate business and supervise commercial affairs The Federal system of government controls: Foreign policy, defense and monetary policy Areas that cannot be regulated locally and statewise: interstate commerce, interstate crime, interstate environmental problems etc.

The Legislative Branch: Congress Passes legislation and appropriates money The House of Representatives 435 members –according to the size of the state 2-year term

The Executive Branch: The Presidency 4-year term - max two 4-year terms Protects the Constitution Proposes legislation Enforces the laws made by Congress Commander in Chief of the armed forces Appoints judges to Supreme Court (with the consent of the Senate)

The Executive Branch: The Cabinet No mention of it in the Constitution Subordinate to the President Cabinet members recruited broadly, not necessarily party insiders

The Supreme Court 9 members Life term appointment Interprets and guards the Constitution Interprets the law Decisions of the Supreme Court are final In general it plays a conservative role, maintaining legal tradition

Checks and Balances

Elections and Political Parties Winner-take-all-election system The Electoral College Two party system- both appealing to the middle of the political spectrum Balancing the ticket (President and Vice president) Voting patterns: splitting the ticket Voting for individuals rather than party slate

The Electoral College Representatives of the people in presidential elections 534 electors, corresponding to the numbers of Representatives and Senators 270 electoral votes guarantee the Presidency Each state votes as a single block (minus Nebraska and Maine) winner takes all Importance of Swing States and the big states

Democrats and Republicans And Their Voters Democrats supported by majority of black voters (Clinton 83%) Urban ethnics Blue collar workers Catholics More women voters Northeast, upper midwest, northwest, Hawaii

Democrats and Republicans and Their Policies Democrats Support welfare programs Keynesian economics and job creating programs Social security, Medicare and Medicaid Civil Rights legislation Women’s right to abortion

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